Coffee plants are attractive bushy plants with glossy green leaves that produces small white flowers and then bear half inch berries that turn from green to red to black.
There are two common coffee plants, Coffea Arabica and Coffea canephora or Robusta, these are the most used.
The fruits contain 2 large seeds that become the coffee beans that you use to brew your coffee.
It can take up to 2-3 years for your plant to produce any fruit.
You can actually grow a coffee plant indoors if you mimic the conditions found on a tropical mountainside. You need lots of water, good drainage, high humidity and rich slightly acidic soil.
Coffee plants prefer dappled sunlight, not direct harsh sun. You need to propagate from seeds directly from a fresh plant, or use a cutting, not a processed, roasted seed.
Coffee Plant Information
- Fair trade coffee improves quality. It costs more but allows the coffee farmer to spend about 25% of that income to improve productivity and quality. These fair-trade coffees have won over 28 tasting awards.
- Coffee Arabica is known for its delicate flavor and lower acidity, and is the favorite for 70% of most coffee drinkers. Robusta coffee is more acidic, harsher in taste, but has a higher caffeine content; it is used for many of the instant coffees.
- Coffee plants are toxic to cats, dogs, horses and even birds; so be careful if you grow them at your house.
- The only places that grow coffee in North America is Hawaii and Puerto Rico. The top coffee producing countries are Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia.
- Coffee plants yields vary from harvest to harvest, but a single plant usually provides only enough coffee beans in one year to fill a one-pound bag of ground coffee.
- The amount of caffeine in coffee depends on the type of beans, how they are roasted and how they are brewed.
- In the United States, September 29th is celebrated as National Coffee Day.
Cindy Burrows, B.S., M.T., Herbalist and is a Nutrition and Wellness Consultant helping individuals with health programs to improve life and happiness. She is a writer, speaker and owner of several businesses.